The first chapter sheds light on the tools that were used by the regime to circumvent international sanctions, and suggests how those who facilitated these tools could be punished by international organizations.

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Blacklist: book on war criminals in Syria

Blacklist: violations committed by the most prominent figures and How to bring them to justice

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Justice & Accountability


Syria opens lavish museum for Assad’s brother as its people go hungry

Monument for Bassel al-Assad, who died in 1994, provokes outrage online as Syrians struggle to make ends meet

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Hunger and COVID-19: Syrians are Facing Overlapping Humanitarian Crises

further funds are desperately needed. With competing donor interests in Syria and worldwide, humanitarian funding for emergency food relief in Syria continues to fall short.

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Syrian human rights activist feared in danger of execution by HTS

Nour al-Shalo, who has been detained for two months, is known for her work supporting women and the disadvantaged in Syria’s Idlib

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Syria asks returning Palestine refugees to prove property ownership in Yarmouk

The Palestinian refugees said that it is difficult to meet these conditions because most of the houses were partially or completely destroyed and many of the official documents were damaged.

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book “Sednaya Prison During The Syrian Revolution:Testimony of Umm Ali

Later, my worries increased and I decided to leave Aleppo. I felt I am betraying my husband by abandoning him to his fate.

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book “Sednaya Prison During The Syrian Revolution:Testimony of Muhab al-Qutainy

I was referred to Sednayah prison on September 20, 2018. There we were received with beating as is the norm in the Red Building, then they put me in a solitary cell until 12 November, the same year.

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book “Sednaya Prison During The Syrian Revolution:Testimony of Abu Anas al-Hamwi

Every 2-3 days a chain like mine arrives in the prison and a similar number of victims die from torture. Killing people in Sednayah is a usual practice.

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book “Sednaya Prison During The Syrian Revolution:Testimony of Muneer al-Faqeer

Rumors of pardons were abundant. We created some of them from dream interpretations or result of false analysis of some events.

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List of Assad regime war criminals is long

The Assad regime with top-ranking military officials established the People’s Committees, which mostly consisted of Alawite citizens

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Prosecuting ISIS in Northeast Syria

Following the capture of Baghouz, SDF officials called for an international tribunal to help prosecute the more than 1,000 foreign fighters in its custody

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Justice or Forgiveness? The Case of Anwar Raslan

Discussions about who deserves to be tried, and who deserves amnesty, are integral to any post-conflict criminal accountability process

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Ali Mamlouk’s visit to Italy is a stab in the back of Syrian victims of Assad’s torture

Unfortunately, this feeling of being ignored by Italy has been reinforced with the latest elections which have been won by the Northern League and the Five Stars Movement, two parties which had several times expressed their support towards Russia and Assad regime’s ‘fight against terrorism’

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Crimes and violations against Syrian children

Under international laws, children benefit from the protections granted to civilian non-combatants

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Chemical weapons use against civilians

Each State Party undertakes to destroy chemical weapons it owns or possesses, or that are located in any place under its jurisdiction or control, in accordance with the provisions of this Convention.

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Premeditated murder and mass killing

These crimes have been documented by the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) and the independent, international commission of inquiry established by council resolution S-17/1 of 23 August 2011.

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Hussam Qaterji

Reuters published an investigation of Qaterji Group’s role in oil provision on 11 October 2017, titled “How a businessman struck a deal with Islamic State to help Assad feed Syrians

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Rami Makhlouf, Maternal cousin of Bashar al-Assad

Rami Makhlouf embarked on his path in corruption early, taking advantage of the commercial embargo on Syria in the 1980s to smuggle foodstuffs, electrical supplies, and industrial equipment from Lebanon and Turkey

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Khaldoun Makhlouf is the son of Adnan the former commander of the Republican Guard in the Syrian

Khaldoun Makhlouf’s capital comes from two main sources. His first source of capital comes from funds raised through his father ‘Adnan Makhlouf’s corruption, bribes, and blackmail activities committed under the cover of Basil al-Asaad

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Major General Jawdat Saleebi Mawas. What do you know about him?

Major General Jawdat oversaw the chemical attack on the eastern Ghouta, which killed 1127 people, including 201 women and 107 children

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